Bayesian phylogeny of Fringillinae birds: status of the singular African Oriole Finch (Linurgus olivaceus) and evolution and heterogeneity of genus Carpodacus (In English)
Antonio ARNAIZ-VILLENA, Juan MOSCOSO, Valentin
D e p a r t m e n t o f I m m u n o l o g y , U n i v e r s i d a d C o m p l u t e n s e , T h e M a d r i d R e g i o n a l B l o o d C e n t e r , 2 8 0 4 0 M a d r i d , S p a i n
Oriole finch Linurgus olivaceus is a songbird thriving in African tropical forests. It has been classified as the only species within the genus Linurgus. The phylogenetic relationships of the Oriole Finch with at least one species of each extant Passerine families and subfamilies have been studied by mitochondrial DNA sequencing. L. olivaceus has also been genetically compared with most extant Canaries, Siskins and other members of the subfamily Fringillinae. In total, 83 Fringillinae species have been used for the present study, and a phylogenetic revision of this subfamily has been addressed.Phylogenetic trees have been constructed by using a Bayesian methodology. Our results show that Linurgus olivaceusbelongs to the subfamily Fringillinae and clusters within the tribe Carduelini, grouping with canaries (genus Serinus), goldfinches and siskins (genus Carduelis) and crossbills (genus Loxia). The Oriole Finch appears to be a basal single species that has evolved together with (and separately from) other Serinus and Carduelis species. Extinct species lacking in the analysis may have existed that were genetically closer to Linurgus olivaceus. On the other hand, the hawfinch Coccotharustes coccothraustes is definitively included within Eurasian grosbeaks (genera Eophona and Mycerobas), and the American Carpodacus species seem to be an evolutionary radiation apart from the Asian ones[Acta Zoologica Sinica 53(5): 826– 834, 2007].
Page 830, Table 2, Line 29 (line of Carduelis pinus perplexus). It should read “DQ246804” and NOT “AF901951”.